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USC Shoah Foundation Institute Thesaurus
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Use for general discussions of observing Jewish customs, holidays, and religious laws. If the details of holiday observance are discussed, use the specific holiday term in conjunction with this keyword. Also, if interviewees discuss observing Jewish customs, holidays, and religious laws in reference to a specific Jewish movement such as Hasidism, Orthodox Judaism, or Reform Judaism, the specific movement term may be used in conjunction with this keyword. Use this keyword in conjunction with "philanthropic activities" when the subject of *Tzedaka is either elaborated upon topically or if specific acts of Tzedaka are discussed. *Additional Information: Tzedaka, Heb. From Tzedek meaning righteousness, truth, kindness, ethical conduct and even deliverance. Often used colloquially to denote charitable giving. Tzedek is also the root of the term Tzadik, meaning a righteous or saintly individual. The notion of Tzedaka in its broadest application extends beyond monetary giving, and is considered by Jewish faith as a legal claim to provide food, clothing, and shelter to those less fortunate. The assigned gifts as outlined in Deuteronomy 15:9-11are legally considered as the property of the poor, and the owner is not entitled to decide who should receive them. Maimonides devotes ten chapters to the subject in his Mishneh Torah, and states that one must give according to their needs. Rabbi Israel al-Nakawa of fourteenth-century Spain wrote that the world is akin to a revolving wheel: one who is rich today could be poor tomorrow. Let a person therefore give charity before the wheel has turned. (en-US)


The observance of Jewish religious and cultural customs and holidays. (en-US)


Birnbaum, Philip. A Book of Jewish Concepts. Rev. Ed. New York: Hebrew Publishing Company, 1975. pp. 521 - 522

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