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Use for the discussion of the rescue of children in Transnistria who were orphaned or without parental protection. (en-US)


On March 6, 1944, approximately 1,846 Jewish children (presumed orphaned) were rescued from Romanian-occupied Transnistria and brought to Romania, from where they would depart to Palestine. The move to rescue, release, and repatriate the Jews held in the ghettos, camps, and colonies in Transnistria began in 1943 under the guidance of Dr. Wilhelm Filderman, a leader in the Jewish community in Bucharest. Negotiations for the release, rescue, or repatriation of Jews from Transnistria lasted throughout the year. Although the Antonescu government of Romania eventually granted permission for the rescue operation in response to the approaching Soviet armed forces, the Germans, the mufti of Jerusalem and the governor of Transnistria blocked the operation. By the fall of 1943, it was agreed that a group of Jewish children under the age of fifteen would be released. As the Soviet armed forces approached the region in December 1943, a group of Jews originally from Dorohoi were allowed to leave Transnistria, among them a small group of children. The group of 1,846 orphans under the age of fifteen was allowed to leave in March 1944. They were taken to orphanages first in Jassy and then to Wallachia and Moldavia. In April 1944, many of the children made aliyah to Palestine. The remaining children in Transnistria were liberated by the Soviets. The International Red Cross played an active role in the placement of the children in orphanages in Romania and in their aliyah to Palestine. (en-US)


Ioanid, Radu. The Holocaust In Romania: The Destruction of Jews and Gypsies Under the Antonescu Regime, 1940-1944. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 2000. p. 249-256

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