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USC Shoah Foundation Institute Thesaurus
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Europa 1944   Cerca


As a result of an increase in the numbers of air forces and improvement in technical proficiency, the Allies' air offensive against Germany achieves maximum effectiveness in 1944. In addition, Allied forces make inroads into Axis-held territory throughout 1944. On January 4, 1944, Soviet troops begin advancing westward through former Polish territory. After the Allies defeat German troops in the Battle of Monte Cassino, the city falls on May 18, 1944. The Allies enter and liberate Rome on June 5, 1944. On June 6, D-Day, 156,000 Allied soldiers land on the beaches of Normandy in an attempt to liberate France. During this period, internal dissention plagues Germany. A plot to assassinate Hitler fails on July 20. In retaliation for the attempt, Nazis kill over 5,000 Germans that have some link, however distant, to the conspiracy. On August 25, 1944, German forces surrender in Paris and the Allies liberate the city. Hitler's continued "no withdrawal orders" eventually result in the Allied liberation of all of France. These orders also lead to the capture of over 200,000 German troops. Still hoping to drive the Allies back, Hitler begins an offensive on the Western Front December 16, 1944. The Battle of the Bulge in the Ardennes effectively holds off the Allied advance for a few weeks. However, between January 8-16, 1945, German troops are forced to withdraw. (en-US)


Encyclopaedia Britannica: a dictionary of arts, sciences, and general literature. Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1995. Vol. 29, p. 1013- 1019

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